GETNEXT command

pysnmp.hlapi.nextCmd(snmpEngine, authData, transportTarget, contextData, *varBinds, **options)

Creates a generator to perform one or more SNMP GETNEXT queries.

On each iteration, new SNMP GETNEXT request is send (RFC 1905#section-4.2.2). The iterator blocks waiting for response to arrive or error to occur.

  • snmpEngine (SnmpEngine) – Class instance representing SNMP engine.
  • authData (CommunityData or UsmUserData) – Class instance representing SNMP credentials.
  • transportTarget (UdpTransportTarget or Udp6TransportTarget) – Class instance representing transport type along with SNMP peer address.
  • contextData (ContextData) – Class instance representing SNMP ContextEngineId and ContextName values.
  • *varBinds (ObjectType) – One or more class instances representing MIB variables to place into SNMP request.
Other Parameters:


Request options:

  • lookupMib - load MIB and resolve response MIB variables at the cost of slightly reduced performance. Default is True. Default is True.
  • lexicographicMode - walk SNMP agent’s MIB till the end (if True), otherwise (if False) stop iteration when all response MIB variables leave the scope of initial MIB variables in varBinds. Default is True.
  • ignoreNonIncreasingOid - continue iteration even if response MIB variables (OIDs) are not greater then request MIB variables. Be aware that setting it to True may cause infinite loop between SNMP management and agent applications. Default is False.
  • maxRows - stop iteration once this generator instance processed maxRows of SNMP conceptual table. Default is 0 (no limit).
  • maxCalls - stop iteration once this generator instance processed maxCalls responses. Default is 0 (no limit).
  • errorIndication (str) – True value indicates SNMP engine error.
  • errorStatus (str) – True value indicates SNMP PDU error.
  • errorIndex (int) – Non-zero value refers to varBinds[errorIndex-1]
  • varBinds (tuple) – A sequence of ObjectType class instances representing MIB variables returned in SNMP response.

PySnmpError – Or its derivative indicating that an error occurred while performing SNMP operation.


The nextCmd generator will be exhausted on any of the following conditions:

  • SNMP engine error occurs thus errorIndication is True
  • SNMP PDU errorStatus is reported as True
  • SNMP EndOfMibView values (also known as SNMP exception values) are reported for all MIB variables in varBinds
  • lexicographicMode option is True and SNMP agent reports end-of-mib or lexicographicMode is False and all response MIB variables leave the scope of varBinds

At any moment a new sequence of varBinds could be send back into running generator (supported since Python 2.6).


>>> from pysnmp.hlapi import *
>>> g = nextCmd(SnmpEngine(),
...             CommunityData('public'),
...             UdpTransportTarget(('', 161)),
...             ContextData(),
...             ObjectType(ObjectIdentity('SNMPv2-MIB', 'sysDescr')))
>>> next(g)
(None, 0, 0, [ObjectType(ObjectIdentity(ObjectName('')), DisplayString('SunOS 4.1.3_U1 1 sun4m'))])
>>> g.send( [ ObjectType(ObjectIdentity('IF-MIB', 'ifInOctets')) ] )
(None, 0, 0, [(ObjectName(''), Counter32(284817787))])